Full name: ............................................

REVISION FOR  SECOND SEMESTER EXAMINATION OF CLASS 6

 

A.Tenses.

I.The simple present tense of  the ordinary verbs.

( thì hiện tại đơn của động từ thường )

              1. Positive/affirmative forms: ( câu khẳng định )       

 

I                                ( s1 )

You

We                              +   V( bare infinitive ) +  …

They

Plural noun(-s/es )

                                  ( S2 )

He

She                             +   V-s/es + …        

It

Singular nouns

Mr. Hung

Hoa

 

Take notes:

- Những động từ tận cùng bằng: “-o, -sh, -ch, -s, -x ” .Ta thêm “ –es ”

- Những động từ tận cùng bằng “y” trước nó là một phụ âm ta đổi “y” thành “i” rồi thêm “es”  ( ex: to study, to cry, to carry, to marry, … )

- Nguyên âm: ( u, e, o, a, i )

Ex: She ( study) studies Math well.

- He ( enjoy ) ............ enjoys ( ta chỉ thêm -s vì trước y là một nguyên âm )

- Mai  ( go ) .......... goes

2. Negative forms. ( câu phủ định – not )

S1 + don’t + V ( bare inf.) + …. ( don't = do not )

- They ...................  to school today.

A. does not go        B. don't goes      C. do not go

S2 + doesn’t + V (bare inf.) + ……. ( doesn't = does not )

- Hue ( visit, not ) ................

A. do not visit        B. does not visit

3.Questions.

a. Yes – No questions:

Auxiliary                 subject                    V( bare inf.)     …….?  

Do / don't                      S1                             play                            soccer ?

 

Does/ doesn't                  s2                            live                            in HCM city ?

 

→ Yes, + S1 + do.                             → Yes, + S2 + does.

 →  No, + S1 + don't.                          → No, + S2 + doesn't.

Examples.                           

1. Do you go to school everyday ? - Yes, I do.

2. Do you go to school on Sunday ? - No, I don't.

3. Does Hoa love music ? - Yes, she does.

4. Does Nam like jogging ? - No, He doesn't.

  b.Wh – questions:

( what, where, when, why, who, which, how, how old, how many, how much, how tall, how high, how long, how wide, how far,… )

Wh - ( question

Words )                Auxiliary             Subject               V (bare inf. )      …….. ?

 

 

Where                  do                      S1                           live                   ...         ?

 
 

 

What                    does                   S2                           Want                ...          ?

 

 

@ . Ta dùng câu khẳng định hoặc phủ định để trả lời. Ta không thể trả lời như câu hỏi yes – no questions

 

Ex:

1. Where do you live ?

- I live in HCM city.

 

2.What does she want ?

- She wants an apple.

 

C. Or questions : ( câu hỏi chọn lựa “ or ” )

Ex:

1. Do you want to be a teacher or a doctor ?

- I want to be a teacher.

- I want to be a doctor.

2. Does she like an orange or a grape ?

-  She likes an orange.

-  She likes a grape.

 

SIGNAL WORDS FOR SIMPLE PRESENT.

 

Cách 01:  Adverbs of frequency : ( Trạng từ chỉ tầng xuất ):

 →  always, usually, often, normally, regularly seldom/ rarely, sometimes, never...

Cách 02: Adverbs of time: ( Trạng từ chỉ thời gian ):

once a week, twice a week, three times a week, four times a week...

every day ( week, month, year, century... ).

Ex:

1. He often goes to class late. ( ……………………………………….. )

2. We are always happy to hear that. (………………………………………)

3. They don’t usually visit Da Lat city. (…………………………………….)

II.The present continuous tense ( thì hiện tại tiếp diễn )

1. positive forms.

I + am + V-ing +...

You

We                                      +  are + V-ing + …….

They

Plural noun (-s/es )

He                      

She                           +  is + V-ing + ……

It

Singular noun.

2. Negative forms.

S +is not/ are not/ am not + V-ing +…

(  is not = isn’t ; are not = aren’t;  am not = ’m not )

3.Questions.

a. Yes – no questions :

Is / am / are + s + V- ing + ….. ?

Yes, + S + is/ am / are.

No, + S + isn't/ 'm not/ aren't.                                     

b. WH- questions.

WH + is/ am/ are + S + V-ing + …..?

 c. Or questions.

Ex:

1.Is he listening to music or radio ? - He is listening to music.(He is listening to radio )

2. Are they eating chicken or ham ? - They are eating ham . ( they are eating chicken )

@.Cách dùng :

Để diễn tả một hành động đang tiếp diễn ở thời điểm nói hay xung quanh thời điểm nói và thường đi kèm với : now ( bây giờ ), right now ( ngay bây giờ ), at the moment ( ngay lúc này ), at the present ( hiện tại bây giờ )…

Ex:

1.Be quiet ! The baby is sleeping in the next room.

2.Look! The bus i s running here.

3.Listen ! Who is calling me?

III. The near future tense: ( Thì tương lai gần - hành động dự đinh biết trước khi xảy ra )

- Be going to ( sắp, sẽ, dự định)

1/ Form:

S + be( am / is/ are) + going to + V( bare inf. ) + ...

Ex:

I'm going to have breakfast at school

2/ Use: "Be going to" dùng để nói lên một dự định, một kể hoạch, hay một hành động sắp xảy ra trong tương lai gần nhất. Nó thường đi với các trạng từ hoặc cụm trạng từ chỉ thời gian như: tonight( tối nay), tomorrow( ngày mai), on the weekend( vào cuối tuần), next week/ month/ year, on Sunday, ...

3/ Question words with " Be going to" 

Wh + be ( am / is/ are) + S + going to + V( bare inf.) .... ?

Ex: What are you going to do tomorrow?

* How long....?: dùng để hỏi về thời gian " Bao lâu?". Khi trả lời ta dùng cụm từ: For + khoảng  thời gian

Ex: How long are they going to stay in Ha Noi? - For three days.

EXERCISES

Choose the correct words to complete the sentences.

1. .................... I help you ?

a. Do    b. Can    c. Have d . does

2. .................... color is your hair ?

a. How  b. Which    c. What    d. where

3. How .................... oranges does she want ?

a. much  b. many     c. do    d . does

4. What are you .................... to do in Hue ?

a. go    b. to go     c . goes    d . going

5. She needs ....................of beef.

a. 200 grams  b . a tube    c. a dozen     d. a bottle of

6. She isn’t weak. She is....................

a. thin   b. tall       c. fat      d. strong

7. Hung is a .................... He’s strong and heavy.

a. gymnast   b. weight-lifter   c. driver     d. doctor

8. I like hot ....................

a. season  b. weather    c. activity    d. class

9. I often go swimming when it is ....................

a. cold    b. hot      c. hungry    d. thirsty

10. What .................... your father doing now? He is playing badminton.

a. is    b. are      c. do      d. does

11. Do .................... like cold weather?

a. she    b. he      c. it      d. they

12. .................... does your brother go fishing? He goes once a week.

a. How old  b. How often    c. How    d. What

13. .................... the weather like in the winter?

a. How  b. How often    c. What’s    d. What

14. He .................... goes fishing in the winter. It’s too cold.

a. often  b. always    c. usually    d. never

15. What are you doing? - ....................

a. You are reading  b. I reading c. I am read    d. I am reading

16 .................... do you do in your free time ?

a. where b. when    c. what  d. why

17 .................... sport does she play?

a. what time    b. which c. how d. when

18. What do you do .................... it’s warm?

a. when    b. what c. where d. which

19. What about .................... by bike?

a. travel    b. to travel     c. traveling    d. travels

20. It’s a beautiful day today. Let’s .................... for a walk.

a. go      b. going      c. to go    d. to going

21. Why don’t ....................to the park?

a. go      b. going    c. we go    d. we going

22. .................... place are Phuong and Mai going to visit first?

a. Where    b. Which    c. How      d. How long

23. I .................... Hue next month.

a. visit      b. am going to visit  c. to visit      d. visiting

24. Nam often .................... fishing on the weekend.

a. go      b. goes      c. is going      d. going

B. POINTS OF GRAMMAR

I.Cách dùng“ a/ an/ some/ any”

* “a” dùng trước danh từ đếm được số ít, bắt đầu bằng một phụ âm.

Ex:- There is a pen.

* “an” dùng trươc danh từ đếm được số ít, bắt đầu bằng một nguyên âm (u,e,o,a, i ).

- Ex: There is an eraser.

* “some” dùng trước danh từ đếm được số nhiều và danh từ không đếm đựợc, trong câu khẳng định hoặc lời mời lịch sự với " Would you like...?

Ex:- There are some apples.- Would you like some apples?

* “ any” dùng trước danh từ đếm được số nhiều và danh từ không đếm đựợc, trong câu phủ định và nghi vấn .

- There aren’t any oranges. - Are there any oranges?

Fill a, an, some or any in each blank:

1. There isn’t ……………. milk in the jar.

2. No, there aren’t ……………. noodles.

3. I have ……………… orange.

4. Do you have …………… meat?.

5. I’m hungry. I’d like ……………… chicken and rice.

6. I want …………… apple.

7. I’d like ……………. Milk.

8. Mr Tan wants …………… beans.

9. That is …………….. onion.

10. Hung has …………….. Mercedes car.

11. I’d like ………………eggs, please.

12. He wants ……………apple.

13. Are there ………………chocolates in the box?

14. They are planting ……….………trees in the garden.

15. There aren’t …………….pictures in the album.

16. He would like …………….banana.

II. adverbs of frequency.

Rewrite the complete sentence using the adverb in brackets in its correct position:

1. I go to the cinema. (often)

............................................................................................................................................

2. She is a good student. (always)

............................................................................................................................................

4. My mother goes swimming. (never)

............................................................................................................................................

5. My parents go to work on Mondays. (usually)

............................................................................................................................................

6. It is hot in the summer. (always)

...........................................................................................................................................

7. What do you do when it’s cold?. (often)

...........................................................................................................................................

8. It is hot in the winter. (never)

..........................................................................................................................................

9. Do you have cold shower in the winter?. (usually)

..........................................................................................................................................

10. Do you walk in the mountains?. (sometimes)

..........................................................................................................................................

III. Adjectives.

1. DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVES (Tính từ miêu tả)

* Tính từ miêu tả là những từ diễn tả màu sắc, kích thước, phẩm chất, trạng thái của một danh từ (người, vật, sự việc).

* Vị trí của tính từ:

S + am/ is/ are + Adj

S + am/ is + a/an +Adj +N

S + are + Adj + N(s/es)

- Đứng sau động từ Tobe nên bổ nghĩa cho chủ từ.

- Đứng trước danh từ nên bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đó.

Ex: Mai is beautiful. She is tall and thin . She is a good student.

The houses are big./ They are big houses

2. TRẬT TỰ CÁC TÍNH TỪ MIÊU TẢ.

Khi hai hoặc nhiều tính từ miêu tả được đứng trong cùng một câu, thì trật tự của chúng được sắp xếp như sau:

Kích thước

 

(long, small)

Tuổi tác

 

(old, new)

Hình dáng

 

(round, oval)

Màu sắc

 

(black, white)

 

 

Danh từ

 

(Noun)

 

 

Ex:

 - She has long black hair.

 - It’s a small round black table

- We have a small new round red hat.

IV. comparison.

@. COMPARATIVE OF SUPERIORITY: ( so sánh hơn )

A. Short adjectives: ( tính từ ngắn - một âm tiết )

S1 + be ( not ) + short adjective-ER + Than + S2

1. Nam is taller than his sister.

2. This house is bigger than my house.

Notes:

+ Tính từ ngắn có một âm tiết tận cùng bằng một phụ âm trước nó là một nguyên âm. Ta gấp đôi phụ âm cuối rồi mới thêm " er "

- hot → hotter  ( nóng )

- big → bigger ( to )

- thin → thinner ( ốm )

- fat → fatter ( mập )

+ Khi tính từ có một âm tiết tận cùng bằng " y " có một phụ âm đi trước ta đổi " y " thành " i " rồi thêm " er ". Và tận cùng bằng " e " ta chỉ thêm " r "

- dry → drier ( khô ráo )

- large → larger " rộng lớn )

- wide → wider ( rộng lớn )

+ Khi tính từ có hai âm tiết trở lên mà tận cùng bằng ( - y, - le, - ow, - er ). Ta cũng so sánh như một âm tiết.

- happy → happier ( vui vẻ - hạnh phúc )

- gentle → gentler ( diệu dàng - mềm dẻo )

- narrow → narrower ( hẹp )

- clever → cleverer ( thông minh )

B. Long adjectives: ( tính từ dài - có hai âm tiết trở lên )

S1 + be ( not ) + MORE + long adjective + THAN + S2

1. This picture is more beautiful than that one.

2. His younger sister is more sociable than his older brother.

 @. COMPARATIVE OF SUPERLATIVE: ( so sánh nhất )

A. short adjectives: ( tính từ ngắn )

S + be ( not ) + THE + short adjective- EST + ( all...; in...; of...; )

1. The river is the longest all over the world.

2. He is the happiest in his family.

B. Long adjective: ( tính từ dài )

S+ be ( not ) + THE MOST + long adjective + ( all...; of...; in...; )

1. Hoa is the most intelligent in her class.

2. We are the most famous in our school.

Note. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES: ( tính từ bất qui tắc )

 

Adjectives

 

Comparative of superiority

 

Comparative of superlatives

 

- good ( giỏi )

 

- bad ( tệ - dở )

 

- much/ many ( nhiều )

 

- little ( it )   

 

- far ( xa )

 

 

- better

 

- worse

 

- more

 

- less
 

- farther/ further

 

- the best

 

- the worst

 

- the most

 

- the least

 

- the farthest/ furthest

1. She is ( good ) ......................................... student in her class.

A. better than                  B. the best          C. the most                     D. gooder

2. Thanh is ( bad ) ...................  her younger brother.

A. the worst                    B. better              C. better than       D. bader

COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE

1. My sister is two years __________ than me.

young so young younger the youngest

2. Do you know what ­__________ animal in the world is?

slow slow as slower the slowest

3. I think spring is _________ season of the year.

beautiful very beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful

4. Math is _____________ to me than biology.

important so important more important the most important

5. Helen is __________ ballet dancer in our city.

good good as better the best

6. That test was ___________ than the previous one last week.

difficult so difficult more difficult the most difficult

7. Tom has got __________ message from his parents.

long long as longer the longest

8. English is ____________ for me than Chinese.

easy very easy easier the easiest

9. My phone is ___________ than my sister’s phone.

expensive so expensive more expensive the most expensive

10. Last winter was ___________ winter in our country.

cold cold as colder the coldest

11. Pam’s mobile is ____________ than mine.

beautiful very beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful

12. This car is _____________ car produced by this company.

new so new newer the newest

13. What continent is ____________: America or Africa?

large very large larger the largest

14. Do you know who _______________ woman in the world is?

fast so fast faster the fastest

15. Mary is ____________ than Ben in my class.

clever clever as cleverer the cleverest

16. Who is _____________ runner : Tom or Sam?

bad very bad worse the worst

17. This information is ______________ for me than the previous one.

useful useful as more useful the most useful

18. When was ______________ summer in your country?

hot very hot hotter the hottest

19. Bob is _____________ than my elder brother.

tall tall as taller the tallest

20. Can you name _____________ building in the world?

high so high higher the highest